Daniel 9

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I’ve excerpted Daniel 9 below without verses as it was originally. If you would like to read it with verse numbers and inline Hebrew definitions, read it at Blue Letter Bible.

Daniel 9
In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. [Jeremiah 25:9-13] And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

[Acknowledgment of Sin]

And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments; We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judgments: Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

O LORD, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee. O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him; Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him.

And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem. As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy truth. Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice. And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.

[Prayer for Forgiveness]

O LORD, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us. Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord’s sake. O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.

[Prayer Answered]

And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

[Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy]

Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

God, through His messenger Gabriel, answered Daniel’s prayer and revealed through this amazing prophecy covering only four verses of scripture, the future of Israel from the order to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Triumphal Entry (69 weeks of years), and a final week of years, the 70th week of Daniel.

This prophecy is studied in more detail in the 70 Weeks of Daniel prophecy as part of the HIStory, Our Future Bible studies, and the verse 24 regarding the event to occur within this 70 weeks is covered below.


Daniel 9:24 - A Closer Look

Just what is the span of time for the prophecy given by God through Gabriel to Daniel? How do we know it’s not over already? I will attempt to answer those questions by showing the original Hebrew definitions for the words used, showing that not all the things listed as prerequisites to the ending of the 70 weeks are fulfilled as of yet. This eliminates the possibility that all prophecy is fulfilled and further places the final seven years in our future, or as I believe you will see, currently unfolding.

Daniel 9:24
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people [Israel] and upon thy holy city [Jerusalem], to finish the transgression1, and to make an end of sins2, and to make reconciliation for iniquity3, and to bring in everlasting righteousness4, and to seal up the vision and prophecy5, and to anoint the most Holy6.

There are two parts to this passage. The first deals with the subject, Israel and Jerusalem. The second deals with the timing aspect. Since the first part is pretty straight-forward, I will attempt to explain the different sections of the timing aspect according to the Bible. These are AND conditions. As with Boolean conditions, each and every one must be fulfilled for the prophecy to be complete. That prophecy is encased in this 70 weeks timeframe. That means there is a gap in the prophecy from the end of the 69th week to the future 70th week. Since all the following would have had to be completed in the seven years after the triumphal entry, and it clearly hasn’t been fulfilled yet, it must reside in our future.

Furthermore, Christ labels the abomination of desolation as the beginning of the time of great tribulation. This is the beginning of the reign of the man of sin, given power by the dragon. Revelation 13:5 This continues for 3½ years at which time the Bible says Christ throws the antichrist and false prophet into the lake of fire, ending the 1260-day reign of the beast. Revelation 19:20 And since that happens at Christ’s return in glory, which has not occurred yet, it clearly must happen within the 70th week of Daniel and before it ends since the abomination of desolation is in the middle of that 70th week.


to finish the transgression

  • to finish (H3607) כּלא kâlâ’ (kaw-law’)
    A primitive root; to restrict, by act (hold back or in) or word (prohibit): - finish, forbid, keep (back), refrain, restrain, retain, shut up, be stayed, withhold.
     
  • the transgression (H6588) פּשׁע pesha’ (peh’-shah)
    From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious): - rebellion, sin, transgression, trespassive

By looking at the original definitions for these words, it would seem to be that rebellion, sin, and transgression must be withheld and restrained. I’ve personally seen enough sin in my life to recognize that this isn’t fulfilled entirely yet. It won’t be until the millennium, when Christ will rule with a rod of iron. There will be perfect peace and He will be a present authority to stop or refrain revolt or transgression from His rule.

As well, the national and religious rebellion of Israel as a nation will be over after Israel calls upon the name of the Lord. Yeshua said that this would be when they (Israel) would see Him again. There’s an interesting study on the 9th of Av and its connection to Christ’s return in glory and Armageddon.


to make an end of sins

  • to make an end (H2856) חתם châtham (khaw-tham’)
    A primitive root; to close up; especially to seal: - make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.
     
  • of sins (H2403) חטּאת חטּאה chaṭṭâ’âh chaṭṭâ’th (khat-taw-aw’, khat-tawth’)
    From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender: - punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

Comment by Lazarus43:

“It should be noted that the Hebrew word “chatta’ah” (Strong’s 02403), translated “sins” in Daniel 9:24 is also translated as “sin offering” 116 times in the KJV translation. From the definition of the Hebrew word “chatta’ah” (Strong’s 02403), it makes sense that the “end of sins” from Daniel 9:27 is not an end to man’s ability to sin. What is ended is the inevitable connection of “an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness) and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation.”

Spiritual death is the penalty for sin. The “sin and then make a sacrifice” system of the law was only a faint shadow of God’s final solution. Jesus’ death on the cross ended the system of “sin and sacrifice.” According to Jesus’ last words on the cross, “It is finished.” No more sacrifices or “sin offerings” were needed or would be accepted. The veil was ripped from top to bottom in the temple built by the hands of men. It should be remembered that, “a great many of the priests” came to understand what had happened:
 
Acts 6:7
The word of God kept on spreading; and the number of the disciples continued to increase greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were becoming obedient to the faith.

Also, remember what John the Baptist said, The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said,
 
John 1:29
Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

to make reconciliation for iniquity

  • to make reconciliation (H3722) כּפר kâphar (kaw-far’)
    A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: - appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).
     
  • for iniquity (H5771) עוון עון ‛âvôn ‛âvôn (aw-vone’, aw-vone’)
    From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil: - fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment (of iniquity), sin.

I believe this was accomplished by Christ on the cross. He made reconciliation possible for us who live in iniquity.


to bring in everlasting righteousness

  • to bring in (H935) בּוא bô’ (bo)
    A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications): - abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, [in-]vade, lead, lift [up], mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken [in age], X surely, take (in), way.
     
  • everlasting (H5769) עלם עולם ‛ôlâm ‛ôlâm (o-lawm’, o-lawm’)
    From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always: - always (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703.
     
  • righteousness (H6664) צדק tsedeq (tseh’-dek)
    From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity: - X even, (X that which is altogether) just (-ice), ([un-]) right (-eous) (cause, -ly, -ness).

This too, I believe was fulfilled with Christ’s sacrifice. This is specifically the bringing in of everlasting righteousness, not necessarily the fulfillment of nothing but righteousness. However, the fullness of this righteousness will be seen for eternity after the millennium.


to seal up the vision and prophecy

  • to seal up (H2856) חתם châtham (khaw-tham’)
    A primitive root; to close up; especially to seal: - make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.
  • the vision (H2377) חזון châzôn (khaw-zone’)
    From H2372; a sight (mentally), that is, a dream, revelation, or oracle: - vision.
  • and prophecy (H5030) נביא nâbîy’ (naw-bee’)
    From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man: - prophecy, that prophesy, prophet.

The very nature of a vision, dream, or revelation signifies that the thing being seen has not occurred yet, once it happens it is no longer prophetic but now history. The very nature of Bible prophecy is that which occurs in earth space-time. So to seal up or make an end to these things means that those things we have in scripture now must be fulfilled prior to the end of the 70th week of Daniel’s prophecy given to him by God through the angel Gabriel. Almost all of Revelation is contained within the 70 weeks timeframe. There are explanations of what will happen after the 70 weeks, but mostly descriptive of what it will be like. Not the kind of prophecy we see describing, in great detail, the period of time prior to Christ’s return to earth to rule. I believe the sealing of the vision and prophecy comes when Christ does.

Revelation 19:10
And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimonyG3141 of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
 

Testimony (G3141)
μαρτυρία
marturia (mar-too-ree’-ah)
From G3144; evidence given (judicially or generally): - record, report, testimony, witness.

Once Christ is here, there will be no need for record or report or evidence because Christ will dwell among us on the earth from that point till they are destroyed. So if our report of Christ is prophecy (since all prophecy revolves around Christ), then that will end when Christ’s presence is His own testimony and prophecy will be fulfilled among us.


to anoint the most Holy

  • to anoint (H4886) משׁח mâshach (maw-shakh’)
    A primitive root; to rub with oil, that is, to anoint; by implication to consecrate; also to paint: - anoint, paint.
  • most Holy (H6944) קדשׁ qôdesh (ko’-desh)
    From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity: - consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

What is the most Holy? I did a search through scripture to see where else “most Holy” is used and what it is in reference to. My conclusion is that the most Holy is the physical location of the holy of Holies on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. I believe the anointing of the holy of Holies will be when Christ steps His feet on the Mount of Olives and enters through the Golden Gate into the temple, His throne for the next 1,000 years. He is worthy and indeed was the One who’s presence rested there in Old Testament times. Here is a quick breakdown of “most Holy.”

“Most Holy” is found 45 times in 43 verses in the Old Testament. 

  • Holy of Holies/Temple/Temple Mount [17] (Exodus 26:33 | Exodus 26:34 | Numbers 18:6-10 | 1 Kings 6:16 | 1 Kings 7:50 | 1 Kings 8:6 | 1 Chronicles 6:49 | 2 Chronicles 3:8 | 2 Chronicles 3:1-10 | 2 Chronicles 4:22 | 2 Chronicles 5:7 | Ezekiel 41:4 | Ezekiel 43:12 | Ezekiel 44:13 | Ezekiel 45:3 | Ezekiel 48:12 | Daniel 9:27)
     
  • Most Holy things [4] ~ Ark of the Covenant, Table of Shewbread, & temple instruments (Numbers 4:1-15 | Numbers 4:19 | 1 Chronicles 23:13 | 2 Chronicles 31:14 )
     
  • Adjective describing:
    • Altar [2] (Exodus 29:37 | Exodus 40:10)
    • Atonement [1] (Exodus 30:10)
    • Anointing of people and things in the temple [1] (Exodus 30:20-29)
    • Burnt offerings [14] (Leviticus 2:3 | Leviticus 2:10 | Leviticus 6:17 | Leviticus 6:25-29 | Leviticus 7:1-6 | Leviticus 10:12 | Leviticus 10:17 | Leviticus 14:13 | Leviticus 21:22 | Leviticus 24:9 | Leviticus 27:28 | Ezra 2:63 | Nehemiah 7:65 | Ezekiel 42:13)

So as you can see, the majority of times in scripture speaking of the “most Holy” are discussing the area of the Temple Mount or adjectives describing things associated with it such as the burnt offerings that were given there and the eating of these most Holy offerings. Clearly something that must be anointed must be physical. And indeed the majority of times the Bible talks about “most Holy,” it is in reference to the physical location of the Temple Mount and more specifically, the holy of Holies, where the Lord dwelt among Israel all that time ago. He will return to rule from there as well.