I’ve excerpted Daniel 9 below without verses as it was originally.
If you would like to read it with verse numbers and inline Hebrew definitions,
read it at
Blue Letter Bible.
In the first year of
Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made
king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign
I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word
of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy
years in the desolations of Jerusalem. Jeremiah
25:9-13 And I set my face unto the Lord
God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth,
And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said,
O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to
them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments; We have
sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have
rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judgments:
Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake
in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the
people of the land.
O LORD, righteousness belongeth unto thee,
but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah,
and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near,
and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven
them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.
O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes,
and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. To the Lord
our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against
him; Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in
his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. Yea,
all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might
not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath
that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have
sinned against him.
And he hath confirmed his words, which he
spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing
upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done
as hath been done upon Jerusalem. As it is written in the law of Moses,
all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the
LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand
thy truth. Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought
it upon us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which
he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice. And now, O Lord our God, that
hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty
hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we
have done wickedly.
O LORD, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine
anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy
mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers,
Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about
us. Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his
supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is
desolate, for the Lord’s sake. O my God, incline thine ear, and
hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which
is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before
thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear;
O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake,
O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.
And whiles I was speaking, and praying,
and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting
my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;
Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had
seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched
me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked
with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill
and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment
came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved:
therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
Seventy weeks are determined
upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression,
and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity,
and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision
and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand,
that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build
Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore
and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in
troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be
cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall
come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall
be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the
midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,
and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate,
even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon
God, through His messenger Gabriel, answered Daniel’s prayer and
revealed through this amazing prophecy covering only four verses of scripture,
the future of Israel from the order to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until
the Triumphal Entry (69 weeks of years), and a final week of years, the
70th week of Daniel.
This prophecy is studied in more detail in the 70 Weeks of Daniel prophecy
as part of the
HIStory, Our Future Bible studies, and the verse 24 regarding the event
to occur within this 70 weeks is covered below.
Daniel 9:24 - A Closer Look
Just what is the span of time for the prophecy given by God through Gabriel
to Daniel? How do we know it’s not over already? I will attempt to
answer those questions by showing the original Hebrew definitions for the
words used, showing that not all the things listed as prerequisites to the
ending of the 70 weeks are fulfilled as of yet. This eliminates the possibility
that all prophecy is fulfilled and further places the final seven years
in our future, or as I believe you will see, currently unfolding.
Seventy weeks are
determined upon thy people and
upon thy holy city ,
to finish the transgression1,
and to make an end of sins2,
and to make reconciliation for iniquity3,
and to bring in everlasting righteousness4,
and to seal up the vision and prophecy5,
and to anoint the most Holy6.
There are two parts to this passage. The first deals with the subject,
Israel and Jerusalem. The second deals with the timing aspect. Since the
first part is pretty straight-forward, I will attempt to explain the different
sections of the timing aspect according to the Bible. These are AND conditions.
As with Boolean conditions, each and every one must be fulfilled for the
prophecy to be complete. That prophecy is encased in this 70 weeks timeframe.
That means there is a gap in the prophecy from the end of the 69th week
to the future 70th week. Since all the following
would have had to be completed in the seven years after the triumphal entry,
and it clearly hasn’t been fulfilled yet, it must reside in our future.
Furthermore, Christ labels the abomination of desolation as the beginning
of the time of great tribulation. This is the beginning of the reign of
the man of sin, given power by the dragon. Revelation 13:5 This continues
for 3½ years at which time the Bible says Christ throws the antichrist and
false prophet into the lake of fire, ending the 1260-day reign of the beast.
Revelation 19:20 And since that happens at Christ’s return in glory,
which has not occurred yet, it clearly must happen within the 70th
week of Daniel and before it ends since the abomination of desolation is
in the middle of that 70th week.
to finish the transgression
- to finish (H3607) כּלא
A primitive root;
to restrict, by act (hold back or in) or word (prohibit):
- finish, forbid, keep (back), refrain, restrain, retain, shut
up, be stayed, withhold.
- the transgression
(H6588) פּשׁע pesha’ (peh’-shah)
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious):
- rebellion, sin, transgression, trespassive
By looking at the original definitions for these words, it would seem
to be that rebellion, sin, and transgression must be withheld and restrained.
I’ve personally seen enough sin in my life to recognize that this
isn’t fulfilled entirely yet. It won’t be until the millennium,
when Christ will rule with a rod of iron. There will be perfect peace and
He will be a present authority to stop or refrain revolt or transgression
from His rule.
As well, the national and religious rebellion of Israel as a nation will
be over after Israel calls upon the name of the Lord. Yeshua said that this
would be when they (Israel) would see Him again. There’s an interesting
study on the
9th of Av and its connection to Christ’s return in glory and Armageddon.
to make an end of sins
- to make an end (H2856) חתם
A primitive root; to
close up; especially to seal: - make an end, mark,
seal (up), stop.
- of sins (H2403) חטּאת חטּאה
From H2398; an
offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty,
occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender:
- punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin
Comment by Lazarus43:
“It should be noted that the Hebrew word “chatta’ah” (Strong’s
02403), translated “sins” in Daniel 9:24 is also translated
as “sin offering” 116 times in the KJV translation. From
the definition of the Hebrew word “chatta’ah” (Strong’s
02403), it makes sense that the “end of sins” from Daniel
9:27 is not an end to man’s ability to sin. What is ended is the
inevitable connection of “an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness)
and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation.”
death is the penalty for sin. The “sin and then make a sacrifice”
system of the law was only a faint shadow of God’s final solution.
Jesus’ death on the cross ended the system of “sin and sacrifice.”
According to Jesus’ last words on the cross, “It is finished.”
No more sacrifices or “sin offerings” were needed or would
be accepted. The veil was ripped from top to bottom in the temple built
by the hands of men. It should be remembered that, “a
great many of the priests” came to understand what had
The word of God kept
on spreading; and the number of the disciples continued to increase
greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were becoming
obedient to the faith.
Also, remember what John the Baptist said, The next day he saw Jesus
coming to him and said,
Behold, the Lamb
of God who takes away the sin of the world!
to make reconciliation for iniquity
- to make reconciliation
(H3722) כּפר kâphar (kaw-far’)
A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively
to expiate or condone, to placate or
cancel: - appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive,
be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make)
- for iniquity (H5771) עוון עון ‛âvôn ‛âvôn
From H5753; perversity,
that is, (moral) evil: - fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment
(of iniquity), sin.
I believe this was accomplished by Christ on the cross. He made reconciliation
possible for us who live in iniquity.
to bring in everlasting righteousness
- to bring in (H935) בּוא
A primitive root; to go or
come (in a wide variety of applications): - abide, apply, attain,
X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry,
X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon,
to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter
(in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get,
give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, [in-]vade, lead,
lift [up], mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well)
stricken [in age], X surely, take (in), way.
- everlasting (H5769) עלם עולם ‛ôlâm ‛ôlâm
From H5956; properly
concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time
out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity;
frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix)
always: - always (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal,
(for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of)
old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without
end). Compare H5331, H5703.
- righteousness (H6664) צדק
From H6663; the right
(natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively)
prosperity: - X even, (X that which is altogether) just (-ice),
([un-]) right (-eous) (cause, -ly, -ness).
This too, I believe was fulfilled with Christ’s sacrifice. This
is specifically the bringing in of everlasting righteousness, not necessarily
the fulfillment of nothing but righteousness. However, the fullness of this
righteousness will be seen for eternity after the millennium.
to seal up the vision and prophecy
- to seal up (H2856) חתם
A primitive root; to
close up; especially to seal: - make an end, mark,
seal (up), stop.
- the vision (H2377) חזון
From H2372; a
sight (mentally), that is, a dream, revelation,
or oracle: - vision.
- and prophecy (H5030) נביא
From H5012; a
prophet or (generally) inspired man: - prophecy, that
The very nature of a vision, dream, or revelation signifies that the
thing being seen has not occurred yet, once it happens it is no longer prophetic
but now history. The very nature of Bible prophecy is that which occurs
in earth space-time. So to seal up or make an end to these things means
that those things we have in scripture now must be fulfilled prior to the
end of the 70th week of Daniel’s prophecy
given to him by God through the angel Gabriel. Almost all of Revelation
is contained within the 70 weeks timeframe. There are explanations of what
will happen after the 70 weeks, but mostly descriptive of what it will be
like. Not the kind of prophecy we see describing, in great detail, the period
of time prior to Christ’s return to earth to rule. I believe the sealing
of the vision and prophecy comes when Christ does.
And I fell at
his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I
am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of
Jesus: worship God: for the testimonyG3141
of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
From G3144; evidence given (judicially
or generally): - record, report, testimony, witness.
Once Christ is here, there will be no need for record or report or evidence
because Christ will dwell among us on the earth from that point till they
are destroyed. So if our report of Christ is prophecy (since all prophecy
revolves around Christ), then that will end when Christ’s presence
is His own testimony and prophecy will be fulfilled among us.
to anoint the most Holy
- to anoint (H4886) משׁח
A primitive root; to
rub with oil, that is, to anoint; by implication to
consecrate; also to paint: - anoint, paint.
- most Holy (H6944) קדשׁ
From H6942; a sacred
place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity: - consecrated (thing),
dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day,
portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.
What is the most Holy? I did a search through scripture to see where
else “most Holy” is used and what it is in reference to. My
conclusion is that the most Holy is the physical location of the holy of
Holies on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. I believe the anointing of the
holy of Holies will be when Christ steps His feet on the Mount of Olives
and enters through the Golden Gate into the temple, His throne for the next
1,000 years. He is worthy and indeed was the One who’s presence rested
there in Old Testament times. Here is a quick breakdown of “most Holy.”
“Most Holy” is found 45 times in 43 verses in the Old Testament.
- Holy of Holies/Temple/Temple Mount
 (Exodus 26:33 | Exodus 26:34 | Numbers
18:6-10 | 1 Kings 6:16 | 1 Kings 7:50 | 1 Kings 8:6 | 1 Chronicles 6:49
| 2 Chronicles 3:8 | 2 Chronicles 3:1-10 | 2 Chronicles 4:22 | 2 Chronicles
5:7 | Ezekiel 41:4 | Ezekiel 43:12 | Ezekiel 44:13 | Ezekiel 45:3 |
Ezekiel 48:12 | Daniel 9:27)
- Most Holy things
 ~ Ark of the Covenant, Table of Shewbread, &
temple instruments (Numbers 4:1-15 | Numbers 4:19 | 1 Chronicles 23:13
| 2 Chronicles 31:14 )
- Adjective describing:
- Altar  (Exodus
29:37 | Exodus 40:10)
- Atonement 
- Anointing of people and things in the temple
 (Exodus 30:20-29)
- Burnt offerings 
(Leviticus 2:3 | Leviticus 2:10 | Leviticus 6:17 | Leviticus 6:25-29
| Leviticus 7:1-6 | Leviticus 10:12 | Leviticus 10:17 | Leviticus
14:13 | Leviticus 21:22 | Leviticus 24:9 | Leviticus 27:28 | Ezra
2:63 | Nehemiah 7:65 | Ezekiel 42:13)
So as you can see, the majority of times in scripture speaking of the “most
Holy” are discussing the area of the Temple Mount or adjectives describing
things associated with it such as the burnt offerings that were given there
and the eating of these most Holy offerings. Clearly something that must
be anointed must be physical. And indeed the majority of times the Bible
talks about “most Holy,” it is in reference to the physical
location of the Temple Mount and more specifically, the holy of Holies,
where the Lord dwelt among Israel all that time ago. He will return to rule
from there as well.