The Temple Mount
Non-Traditional View on the Location of the 1st and 2nd Temples
Some reearch was recently brought to light for me and while it was written about before, it’s not something I had heard of before and it’s very compelling. The Temples That Jerusalem Forgot by Ernest L. Martin was released in 1994 and presented an alternative view based on the writings of Flavius Josephus and others as well as archaeological evidence that the first and second temples were not located on the traditionally accepted location of the temple mount.
I heard about this initially from a Koinonia House Podcast (K-Rations) with Chuck Missler interviewing Robert Cornuke, author of another book on the subject released April 30, 2014 TEMPLE: Amazing New Discoveries That Change Everything About the Location of Solomon’s Temple (which you can also get on Kindle). In it they referenced Ken Klein’s documentary Jerusalem and the Lost Temple of Jews, which you can watch free now with Amazon Prime.
I still have to do some more research on this but it presents, at the very least, compelling evidence that tradition has mislead us on the ancient locations of many places in Jerusalem. Given the battles over the Temple Mount and the desire to rebuilt the temple, which is prophesied to happen sometime in the future, could this also be a way to bypass the politics of the Temple Mount and rebuild the temple in the actual original location, uncontested by Muslim authorities?
Or could it be that the 1st and 2nd temples were there, but the new rebuilt temple will be built in the wrong location as detailed below on the Temple Mount? Keep watching!
The First Temple (Solomon’s Temple)
Jewish Virtual Library:
During Tisha B’Av Solomon’s Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians which began the 70-year captivity. The Babylonians worshipped among their deities, the god, Jupiter, who was equated with Marduk. At the time, the Babylonians thought Marduk to be more powerful because he conquered Judah. The resulting victory shifted many Judeans’ loyalties and this brought about the unfaithfulness and idolatry of Judah.
The Second Temple (Herod’s Temple)
The Jerusalem Mossaic:
Destroyed: 9th of Av by the Roman army in 70 AD. (August 5, 70 AD)
Following Herod’s death, Roman oppression, and with it Jewish resistance, intensified. Finally a revolt broke out, fomented by the Zealots, who entered Jerusalem in 66 CE and held the city until the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, in 70 CE, when Jerusalem fell to the Roman legions under the command of Titus. This marked the end of the second 14,000 day period from the triumphal entry April 6, 32 AD to Jerusalem and the temple’s destruction on August 5, 70 AD.
70 AD to Modern History
The Bar Kochba revolt (aka Simon Bar Cochba, a Mashiach-type to the Jews) was halted by Emperor Hadrian (135 C.E.), and the fortress of the Betar rebellion was overrun. (10) The following year Hadrian built a pagan Temple of Jupiter with a city dedicated to the god, Jupiter (the Babylonian Marduk), on the original Temple site. Hadrian renamed Jerusalem ‘Aelia Capitolina’ and also renamed Judea ‘Palestine.’ The Jews were forbidden entrance to the city, and even to look upon it. - Lampholder Publications
Modern History of the Temple Mount
Israel gave up the Temple Mount on June 7, 1967, See pictures on that day, when Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, upon reuniting Jerusalem, permitted the Islamic authority, the Waqf, to continue its civil authority on the Temple Mount. The Waqf oversees all day-to-day activity there. An Israeli presence is in place at the entrance to the Temple Mount to ensure access for people of all religions. However, as we’ve seen since then, the Muslims throw a fit whenever Jews try to go up there and there’s a long list of dos and don’ts to enter the Temple Mount. I believe God gave Israel Jerusalem and the Temple Mount and when the Jews gave up control, this started the last 14,000 day period of time that ended on Rosh Hashanah, 2005.
Israel National News: “While tenacious yearning to visit the Mount by Jews has resulted in a modicum of government acquiescence, religious Jews are often barred from the holy site, as are members of other religions, compelled to bide by the standards set by the Islamic occupiers. Jews who adhere to the strict religious requirements demanded of visitors to the site cannot visit at will, and while there are generally visitation times during which Jews and other non-Muslims may ascend the Mount, the Waqf will not ‘tolerate’ Jews praying on the site. They are backed by Israel Police who are quick to enforce the prayer ban, generally arresting those bold enough to defy it.”
Modern Destruction By Richard Benkin, Ph.D. (May 2003) - In 1886, British explorer Captain Charles Wilson undertook the most comprehensive survey of Jerusalem in modern times, noting, “No one has ever questioned that the [Jewish] Temple formerly stood within the Haram-es-Sherif [Moslem name for the Temple Mount].”1 It would be difficult to think of a more absurd notion. To deny that reality denies the essence of both Jewish and Christian scripture. They both contain voluminous reference to the temples, from their construction to the events in the life of Jesus. In fact, Moslem and Arab history also confirms Warren’s declaration. Before 638 CE—a rather late date in the history of that region—there was no Islamic presence in Jerusalem. Its conqueror, the Umayyad Caliph, Umar, asked its Byzantine Patriarch, Sophronius, to show him the site of the Jewish Temples almost immediately upon entering the city. Sophronius did so and said, “Here is that appalling abomination.” Umar was indeed appalled—but not by the Temple itself. He was incensed at the accumulated garbage and debris, which he believed desecrated that Jewish holy site. He ordered the site cleansed immediately in a manner befitting its holy purpose. Soon thereafter, he commissioned The Dome of the Rock on the Mount, and his son had Al-Aqsa mosque built there as well. These edifices were not constructed to mark a Moslem holy site but to advertise Moslem hegemony over Jerusalem with its Jewish and Christian holy sites. more...
When will it be rebuilt?
While I don’t know exactly what will happen to get to a point where Israel as a nation is focused on rebuilding the temple, there are several key points from diverse prophecies that I believe may come together to bring it to pass.
Before anything else, there must be a desire to rebuilt the temple. We’ve seen this more and more in modern history as increasing calls for a rebuilt temple are made and groups like The Temple Institute actively document and work toward providing everything that is needed to make it happen. Currently the groups pushing for a return to the Temple Mount are small, but they’re well on their way to provide all the instruments that will be needed to re-institute the temple activities. There are even rumors of the production of the blocks of stone being produced off-site in preparation so they would just need to be moved to the Temple Mount and assembled when the time comes.
The problem is that currently the political climate in the Middle East is very tense because the spiritual climate is at war. In 1967 the control of the Temple Mount was given over to the Wakf and since then denial of a Jewish Temple or any ownership of the area has been on-going. Interestingly, there is an Official 1925 Supreme Moslem Council (Wakf) Guide Book to the Temple Mount that “admits proudly to the Temple Mount’s inexorable connection to the Holy Temple built by King Solomon on land purchased by King David, complete with a reference to II Samuel 24:25.” Link
It’s identity with the site of Solomon's Temple is beyond dispute. This, too, is the spot, according to the universal belief, on which “David built there an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.”
So not only does the desire for a rebuilt temple need to spread throughout all of the nation of Israel for it to realistically happen, but so too does the political climate need to allow it. This is where I believe Bible prophecy may come in.
Ezekiel 38 & 39
I believe the fulfillment of Ezekiel 38 & 39, the invasion of Gog/Magog that is supernaturally stopped in the mountains of Israel by God Himself, may just be the trigger event that both brings the nation of Israel together with a mind to rebuild, and also produce the kind of political climate that will cause the Muslim nations to back off, if even for only just a short while.
According to the propehcy, God will destroy the aggressors with fire and brimstone from heaven. Ezekiel 38,39 says that when this happens both the world and Israel will recognize the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is who He says He is and means what He says.
Given that this very distinct and clear prophecy is a part of the Jewish scriptures, it is a source they would trust and seeing God intervene on their behalf would greatly increase the aforementioned desire by the nation of Israel to rebuild the temple and come back into the relationship with God that they recognize, a pre-Yeshua scriptural belief complete with sacrificial system.
Now imagine also a discovery like the Ark of the Covenant coinciding with the rebuilding of the temple and I’m sure all of Israel would unite and do whatever was necessary to get their temple built. Not only that, but Aliyah into Israel would increase from all over the world.
Israel is still blinded until the fullness of the Gentiles. Romans 8:25 So when they see God intervene to save them, they will have a strong desire to serve Him. However, they don’t accept Christ, so the only way they know to serve Him is the way of their fathers. This means rebuilding the temple and beginning the daily sacrifice, a necessary event for Bible prophecy to come to pass.
The Third Temple Preparations for a Third Temple templemount.org
The third temple does not exist yet. As of June 13, 2015 we are still waiting for the fulfillment of Bible prophecy in regards to the temple.
Where will it be rebuilt?
The Third Temple Entrance In Alignment With The East Gate - According to the Scriptures and verified by archaeology and the historical works of men, this author presents the information which places the Holy of Holies at the Dome of the Spirits/Dome of the Tablets and is lined up with the Golden Gate directly to the East.
The Dome of the Spirits
Dome Of the Spirits, or Tablets
With the temple placed such that the Holy of Holies is located on the Dome of the Spirits, this is what it would look like. Put together with Revelation 11:1,2 we have a location that fits with Bible prophecy such that if the outer court is not built for this third temple, it fits right next to the Dome of the Rock and the Holy of Holies lines up perfectly with the Golden Gate, or East gate.
3rd “Tribulation” Temple with outer court left out:
So how close are we to the rebuilt temple? The only thing stopping it is the fact that the Muslims control the temple mount and the Jews let them. All we need is a discovery like the Ark of the Covenant and I’m sure all of Israel would unite and do whatever was necessary to get their temple built.
Another interesting note has to do with Christ returning to earth and the geology of Judea showing the future fulfillment of prophecy. Chuck Missler talks about the Mount of Olives cleaving in two. There’s a fault line there. “It’s waiting for the pressure of one foot.” (Ezekiel commentary. Halfway through Ezekiel_04.mp3)
Source: Homeworship101 - “It is interesting to note here, that a U.S. Geophysical survey team in 1967 analyzed the Mount of Olives. They discovered a geological fault line running from the Dead Sea behind the Mount of Olives all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. They stated a tremendous shock would cause an open fault line to appear, just as prophesied twenty-five hundred years ago in Zechariah 14:4. The split in the Mount of Olives will open an escape route allowing the defenders of Jerusalem trapped by the approaching Antichrist army a way to escape to safety.”
Third Temple Placement
There are several perspectives of where the temple will be built. I would just like to share some scriptures that I believe help determine that the temple will be built with the main entrance facing East next to the Dome of the Rock. This next passage is the millennial temple, which is different, but the alignment still seems to be East. I think this has to do with Christ being the bright and morning star. Due to the rotation of the earth, the bright and morning star would always rise from the East. Therefore, the light from the bright and morning star would enter the temple from the East. Just a guess though.
Future Destruction...Almost: 9th of Av by the armies gathered by the frog spirits from the mouths of the dragon, beast, and false prophet.
This stone being spoken of is Christ. He was the stone the builders rejected, but He has become the chief cornerstone. Israel’s accepting of Yeshua as their Meshiach Nagid is what prompts Christ’s return in glory since they won’t see him till they say, “blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.” This happened once before at the triumphal entry, which is why the Pharisees told Christ to silence his followers. They recognized that Yeshua was being called the Meshiach Nagid. Mark 11:1-11
So what does this have to do with Christ returning in glory? Remember what is going on as Israel is protected in the wilderness just before Christ returns in glory.
Imagine you are Israel, protected in the wilderness, but seeing millions of men in armies marching toward Jerusalem. now imagine that is happening just before the 9th of Av. I think that might be the straw that breaks the camel’s back and Israel will call upon Yeshua as a nation recognizing Him as their Meshiach Nagid. Then He will return in glory and defeat the gathered armies.
The Fourth Temple (Millennial Temple)
The Temple of Ezekiel by Lambert Dolphin - This author believes that the third temple will be built by the Jews prior to Christ returning and in the earthquakes associated with His return in glory, it will be destroyed and this fourth temple will be built to Ezekiel’s specifications. This would make sense since the size of this temple described in Ezekiel would definitely include what is now the outer court plus more. Ezekiel 45:1-4 speaks of a holy portion of the land, that will contain the sanctuary and most holy place. This would imply the location being North of the Temple Mount. Ezekiel 48:8
I have an additional point to add about the millennial temple. Ezekiel 40-47 describes in extreme detail the exact measurements and descriptions of this temple. Ezekiel was written in the Babylonian captivity, 591 BC - 571 BC. Solomon’s temple was destroyed in 586 BC. More specifically, Ezekiel tells us just before his visions of the temple he describes when it was...
Notice that chapter 40 is written 25 years after their captivity and 14 years after the city was destroyed, therefore after the destruction of Solomon’s temple. He then goes on to describe a temple in great detail. Was this a vision of the destroyed temple left behind? Or was it a vision of a future temple not yet constructed? It wasn’t the second temple, which was smaller, and the third temple can’t have an outer court according to Revelation 11:1-2. So if this is written after Solomon’s temple is destroyed and doesn’t match at all the description of the second temple, and has an outer court unlike the third future temple, then I deduce it must not be describing any of those, but a fourth temple.
So what are the implications if Ezekiel 37-48 are in the millennium? Did you know that during the millennium there will be animal sacrifice reinstated? I believe that we don’t fully understand the millennium and sacrifices will be a part of life, for whatever reason God intends. I believe it is explained in scripture for us. This isn’t my idea here, just to be clear, I’m taking the clear scripture and applying logic. Christians reading this need to keep in mind that during the millennium we will have already received our immortal incorruptible bodies. This is focused on those who are not the bride of Christ yet some of whom will still be in heaven for eternity. I believe it’s mostly focused on Israel though. All this description of the temple in Ezekiel 40-48 is interspersed with passages like these:
There are rules, laws, and ordinances during the millennium. Christ rules with a rod of iron. It goes on to describe the altar dimensions, then...
That’s a pretty detailed explanation of the sacrificing. Some may try to spiritualize the meaning so as to represent what feels more comfortable to their perceptions of reality, but I prefer to take the Bible for what it says. The temple that Ezekiel just saw in his vision prior to talking about the laws and ordinances of this temple, has never existed and won’t fit on the temple mount in the dimensions given in scripture and given all the land changes when mountains are made low and valleys high, upon Christ’s return, I doubt the temple the Jews built will still be standing. More sacrificing and reasons...
There’s our reason. Keep in mind that the “house” being spoken of here is not the third temple because the dimensions are too large for the temple mount and the outer court is not left out of this one as Revelation 11:1,2 says. (Ezekiel 42; 44:19)
“Be not overcome
of evil, but overcome evil with good.” Romans 12:21
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