Countries welcome new Assembly President�s focus on global governance
UN News Centre (Link)
- Shaul Rosenfeld (September
Several countries have expressed support for the initiative
of the General Assembly President to make global governance a central theme of
the current session of the United Nations body.
Prime Minister Klaus Tsch�tscher of Liechtenstein, as well as
Sheikh Khalid ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa, the Foreign Minister of Bahrain; Xavier
Espot Mir�, the Foreign Minister of Andorra; and Amr Moussa, the
Secretary-General of the Arab League concurred with Joseph Deiss on prioritizing
such an important topic.
The leaders voiced their support in separate meetings held
with the President on Monday, on the sidelines of the high-level summit being
held at UN Headquarters on how to advance the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs),
which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and
providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015.
Outlining priorities for the 65th session at a news
conference last week, Mr. Deiss called for efforts to �reinstate� the UN and its
192-member General Assembly to the centre of global governance.
�The challenges which we face today have acquired a global
dimension and require global solutions. Our actions must have broad legitimacy
and be the result of inclusive processes. We have to improve the mechanisms for
information, consultation and cooperation between the United Nations and other
actors and tools of global governance,� he said.
Mr. Deiss also met yesterday with Abdullah G�l, President of
Turkey; Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss Foreign Minister; Yang Jiechi, Foreign
Minister of China; and Jose Manuel Barroso, the President of the European Union,
his spokesperson reported.
Among the other issues discussed was UN reform � another
priority issue for the Assembly President � as well as alleviating poverty,
improving international peace and security and the situation in the Middle East.
Mr. Deiss also had brief encounters with President Nicolas
Sarkozy of France and Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany. �
Intelligence Council is pleased to release
Global Governance 2025: At a Critical Juncture. The report, produced
in conjunction with the European Union�s Institute for Security Studies,
is a follow-on to the NIC�s 2008 Global Trends 2025 study. Global
Governance 2025 provides an informal contribution to an important
international debate on the way forward for global, regional, and
bilateral institutions and frameworks to meet emerging challenges such
as climate change, resource management, international migration flows,
and new technologies. While not policy prescriptive, the report shares a
strong belief that global challenges will require global solutions. The
report�s primary purpose is to help policymakers in the US and abroad to
chart a course for effective management of international problems. In
addition, we hope that it will stimulate a broad-ranging debate among
academic and nongovernmental experts.
United States� National Intelligence Council (NIC) and the European
Union�s Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) have joined forces to
produce this assessment of the long-term prospects for global governance
frameworks. This exercise builds on the experience of the two
institutions in identifying the key trends shaping the future
international system. Since the mid 1990s, the NIC has produced four
editions of its landmark Global Trends report. The most
recent one, Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World,
published in late 2008, noted that momentous change was ahead, with the
gap between increasing disorder and weakening governance structures
widening. The EUISS produced the first EU-level report on the factors
affecting the evolution of the international system in 2006, The
New Global Puzzle. What World for the EU in 2025? The report
stressed that a multipolar system is emerging and that matching the new
distribution of power with new rules and institutions will be critical
to preserving international peace and stability.
Global governance�the collective management of common problems at the
international level�is at a critical juncture. Although global
governance institutions have racked up many successes since their
development after the Second World War, the growing number of issues on
the international agenda, and their complexity, is outpacing the ability
of international organizations and national governments to cope.
With the emergence of rapid globalization, the risks to the international
system have grown to the extent that formerly localized threats are no
longer locally containable but are now potentially dangerous to global
security and stability. At the beginning of the century, threats such as
ethnic conflicts, infectious diseases, and terrorism as well as a new
generation of global challenges including climate change, energy
security, food and water scarcity, international migration flows, and
new technologies are increasingly taking center stage.
Three effects of rapid globalization are driving demands for more
effective global governance. Interdependence has been a
feature of economic globalization for many years, but the rise of China,
India, Brazil, and other fast-growing economies has taken economic
interdependence to a new level. The multiple links among climate change
and resources issues; the economic crisis; and state fragility��hubs� of
risks for the future�illustrate the interconnected nature
of the challenges on the international agenda today. Many of the issues
cited above involve interwoven domestic and foreign challenges.
Domestic politics creates tight constraints on international cooperation
and reduces the scope for compromise.
The shift to a multipolar world is complicating the
prospects for effective global governance over the next 10 years. The
expanding economic clout of emerging powers increases their political
influence well beyond their borders. Power is not only shifting from
established powers to rising countries and, to some extent, the
developing world, but also toward nonstate actors. Diverse perspectives
and suspicions about global governance, which is seen as a Western
concept, will add to the difficulties of effectively mastering the
growing number of challenges.