Rosh Hashanah “Head of the Year”

Last Updated: 04/29/2021 21:24    | Print This Page | |

Leviticus 23:23-25
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Information from Judaism 101:

Rosh Hashanah occurs on the first and second days of Tishri. In Hebrew, Rosh Hashanah means, literally, “head of the year” or “first of the year.” Rosh Hashanah is commonly known as the Jewish New Year.

The name “Rosh Hashanah” is not used in the Bible to discuss this holiday. The Bible refers to the holiday as Yom Ha-Zikkaron (the day of remembrance) or Yom Teruah (the day of the sounding of the shofar). It is also called the Feast of Trumpets. The holiday is instituted in Leviticus 23:24-25.

No work is permitted on Rosh Hashanah. Much of the day is spent in synagogue, where the regular daily liturgy is somewhat expanded. In fact, there is a special prayerbook called the machzor used for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur because of the extensive liturgical changes for these holidays.

Judaism has several different “new years,” a concept which may seem strange at first, but think of it this way: the American “new year” starts in January, but the new “school year” starts in September, and many businesses have “fiscal years” that start at various times of the year. In Judaism, Nissan 1 is the new year for the purpose of counting the reign of kings and months on the calendar, Elul 1 (in August) is the new year for the tithing of animals, Shevat 15 (in February) is the new year for trees (determining when first fruits can be eaten, etc.), and Tishri 1 (Rosh Hashanah) is the new year for years (when we increase the year number. Sabbatical and Jubilee years begin at this time).

Jewish Year 5766: Sunset October 3, 2005 - nightfall October 5, 2005

I bring up this particular date as it relates to the 14,000 days study. This is the end of the third of three times that recon a period of 14,000 days separating events. I don’t know what this meant, if anything, but at one time I thought it may have been the start of Daniel’s 70th week. This clearly did not turn out to be true, but I’ve left the reference here as I still find the end of that period falling on Rosh Hashanah interesting.

Revelation 12:1,2
And there appeared a great wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars [Israel Genesis 37:9-11]: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

Woman as Virgo - A 1995 Bible study by John Abent that associates the woman of Revelation 12 to the constellation Virgo.

October 5, 2005 - New Moon from Jerusalem - Rosh Hashanah

In Hebrew, this constellation we call Virgo is called Bethulah. This event occurs about every two to three years as seen from Jerusalem, but every year as seen from some point on Earth. This chart also shows a notable conjunction of  Jupiter, Mercury and Tsemech (Spica) in Bethulah at the same time. Notice on the image above, that the moon is at the feet of Virgo. The sun was in the midst of Virgo’s stars, hence she was “clothed with the sun.” Notice too, the serpent just a little above her feet. These are both celestial “signs in the heavens” which aligned with the sun and moon to place a picture in the sky on the viewing of the new moon from Jerusalem on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New year, which was also 14,000 days after Israel took back Jerusalem.

Revelation 12:3-5
And there appeared another wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

Entry from the Institute for Biblical & Scientific Studies website:

In the Book of Revelation there are several monsters or dragons described. The Greek New Testament uses drakon 12 times only in the book of Revelation which the KJV translates as “dragon” (Revelation 12-13, 16:13, 20:2). There is an interesting book recently published by Fortress press entitled Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation by Bruce Malina and John Pilch that relates much of the vivid description in Revelation to constellations in the sky. They believe that the Book of Revelation is an astral prophecy. 

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation
by Bruce Malina and John Pilch published by Fortress Press, 2000.
Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation

There is a red dragon in Revelation 12:1-18. Boll believes that the dragon corresponds best with the constellation Hydra which extends through one third of the zodiac. Just above the Hydra are the constellations Corax with 7 stars corresponding to 7 heads, and Crater with 10 stars corresponding to 10 horns, or 10 dorsal fins. Another possibility is the ancient constellation of Scorpio (Malina and Pilch, 2000 p.165). 

Constellations: Serpens in red, Corona in orange, Virgo in blue, and Hercules in black.

On today’s star charts I think the dragon (which means serpent) should be identified with the constellation Serpens (Caput and Cauda connected with ten stars). The seven heads would be the constellation Corona (crown) Borealis which consists of 7 stars. This serpent is right at the feet of the constellation Virgo and Hercules. The Archangel Michael would be the constellation Hercules waiting to make war with the serpent (Revelation 12:7).  

Constellations outlined: Serpens in black with red stars, Corona in purple with orange stars,
Virgo in purple with blue stars, and Hercules in red with black stars.

The woman of Revelation 12 should be identified with the constellation Virgo. The woman is Mary who gives birth to Jesus. The 12 stars represents the 12 tribes of Israel. The 13 stars of the constellation Virgo may represent the 12 tribes plus Christ (the bright star Spica?). Another possibility is that the constellation Bootes represents the baby Jesus, and Mary’s crown is the Big Dipper plus Canes Venatici.

Points of current study:

Is the “last trump” directly associated with Rosh Hashanah?

This view posits that the harpazo is on Rosh Hashanah, and therefore, the gathering of the bride of Christ to Christ in the clouds occurs of the “Feast of Trumpets,” Rosh Hashanah.

“The Last Trump vs. The Great Trump” by Eddie Chumney

The three great trumpets (shofarim) that mark major events in the redemptive plan of God are associated with days in the Biblical calendar.  The first trump was associated with and was seen as being blown by God on the feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) when God gave the Torah at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18-19).

In his book, “Festivals of the Jewish Year” in the chapter on Rosh Hashanah, the Orthodox Jewish author (not a believer in Yeshua/Jesus as Messiah) will tell you that an idiom for Rosh Hashanah is the last trump. Therefore because the Last Trump is a Jewish idiom for Rosh Hashanah, the Apostle Paul, when referring to the resurrection of the dead happening at the “last trump,” was using a Jewish idiom for the feast of Rosh Hashanah and indicating that the resurrection of the dead and the catching away of believers will take place on Rosh Hashanah.

The third significant shofar in the redemptive plan of God is called the Great Trump. The Great Trump is associated with and is blown on Yom Kippur.  Therefore, when Scripture explains that the Great Trump will sound and the elect will be gathered at this time, it is indicating that this very different event from the resurrection/harpazo will take place on Yom Kippur.