Yom Teruah (Rosh Hashanah)

Last Updated: 09/14/2023 23:45    | Print This Page | |

Leviticus 23:23-25
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing(H8643 “teruah”) of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Numbers 29:1-6
And in the seventh month, on the first [day] of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. And ye shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; one young bullock, one ram, [and] seven lambs of the first year without blemish: And their meat offering [shall be of] flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bullock, [and] two tenth deals for a ram, And one tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs: And one kid of the goats [for] a sin offering, to make an atonement for you: Beside the burnt offering of the month, and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering, and his meat offering, and their drink offerings, according unto their manner, for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.
Exodus 19:4-9; 16-20
Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.
And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses [up] to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.

In the third month after leaving Egypt, God came down in the sight of Israel to meet them. The voice of the trumpet sounded long and waxed louder and louder until Moses spoke and God answered him. Traditionally, the shofar is sounded many times during Yom Teruah and there are several different types of blasts.

  • Tekiah: (tuh-KEE-ah) A single, long blow that acts as a summons.
  • Shevarim: (shih-vah-REEM) This word literally means “breaks” or “fractures” and is three, broken blows.
  • Truah: (tih-ROO-ahh) A series of very short, staccato sounds like an urgent alarm.
  • Tekiah Gedolah: (tuh-KEE-ah geh-DOLE-ah) One long tekiah gedolah (or “great tekiah”) which is similar to, but much longer than, the standard tekiah.

The first three blasts are sounded in various combinations during the shofar service on Yom Teruah, but during the final combination, the shofar player concludes with tekiah gedolah, the great blast, one last, long tekiah to wrap up, the final trumpet of Yom Teruah.

Matthew 24:29-31
Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Revelation 6:12-17
And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?
1 Corinthians 15:51-52
Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
1 Thessalonians 4:15-18
For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. 18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.

Just as Israel made a covenant with God and met Him at Sinai with clouds, thunders, and after a great, long blast, so the trumpet of God and the last trumpet blast of Yom Teruah, the tekiah gedolah, will call the awaiting bride to meet Him in the air and forever be with Him.

The Birth of Yeshua

I recommend both watching Frederick A. Larson in his 2007 documentary The Star of Bethlehem and also listening to Michael S. Heiser’s Naked Bible Podcast - Episode 138: What Day was Jesus Born? from 12/25/2016, where he comes to the same date on what he deems the birth of Christ. He also goes into how the dating for Herod’ s death in 4 BC dating from Josephus, which most people do, is not accurate and Herod’s death was in 1 BC. These examinations of scripture and astronomical events that seem to line up with them, place either the conception of Christ or His birth on September 11, 3 BC, Rosh Hashanah of that year.

Jewish Year 5766: Sunset October 3, 2005 - nightfall October 5, 2005

I bring up this particular date as it relates to the 14,000 days study. This is the end of the third of three times that recon a period of 14,000 days separating events. I don’t know what this meant, if anything, but at one time I thought it may have been the start of Daniel’s 70th week. This clearly did not turn out to be true, but I’ve left the reference here as I still find the end of that period falling on Rosh Hashanah interesting.

I should note also that I’ ve seen other videos pointing out the below Virgo on Yom Teruah connection, which actually happens all the time as the constellations are fixed. Does this mean the symbology doesn’ t mean anything? I doubt it, the constellations have been around as long as man, even when Joseph had his dream and when John received his visions of the end. Can we gauge it to determine timing or a particluar year to be significant? Time will tell, but the fact that it has come up in so many years past as a sign that this is the year leads me to not rely on this repeated event.

I’ ve seen other presentations in 2023 regarding certain names of comets that intersect at this particular time as well. Based on my research of scripture, there are certain events that must take place before the bride is caught up that have not happened yet. The primary of which is the existence of a temple in Jerusalem with the daily sacrifice. For more reasoning as to why I haven’ t held a pre-trib harpazo perspective for some time now, check out that page.

Revelation 12:1,2
And there appeared a great wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars [Israel Genesis 37:9-11]: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

Woman as Virgo - A 1995 Bible study by John Abent that associates the woman of Revelation 12 to the constellation Virgo.

October 5, 2005 - New Moon from Jerusalem - Rosh Hashanah

In Hebrew, this constellation we call Virgo is called Bethulah. This event occurs about every two to three years as seen from Jerusalem, but every year as seen from some point on Earth. This chart also shows a notable conjunction of  Jupiter, Mercury and Tsemech (Spica) in Bethulah at the same time. Notice on the image above, that the moon is at the feet of Virgo. The sun was in the midst of Virgo’s stars, hence she was “clothed with the sun.” Notice too, the serpent just a little above her feet. These are both celestial “signs in the heavens” which aligned with the sun and moon to place a picture in the sky on the viewing of the new moon from Jerusalem on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New year, which was also 14,000 days after Israel took back Jerusalem.

Revelation 12:3-5
And there appeared another wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

Entry from the Institute for Biblical & Scientific Studies website:

In the Book of Revelation there are several monsters or dragons described. The Greek New Testament uses drakon 12 times only in the book of Revelation which the KJV translates as “dragon” (Revelation 12-13, 16:13, 20:2). There is an interesting book recently published by Fortress press entitled Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation by Bruce Malina and John Pilch that relates much of the vivid description in Revelation to constellations in the sky. They believe that the Book of Revelation is an astral prophecy. 

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation
by Bruce Malina and John Pilch published by Fortress Press, 2000.
Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation

There is a red dragon in Revelation 12:1-18. Boll believes that the dragon corresponds best with the constellation Hydra which extends through one third of the zodiac. Just above the Hydra are the constellations Corax with 7 stars corresponding to 7 heads, and Crater with 10 stars corresponding to 10 horns, or 10 dorsal fins. Another possibility is the ancient constellation of Scorpio (Malina and Pilch, 2000 p.165). 

Constellations: Serpens in red, Corona in orange, Virgo in blue, and Hercules in black.

On today’s star charts I think the dragon (which means serpent) should be identified with the constellation Serpens (Caput and Cauda connected with ten stars). The seven heads would be the constellation Corona (crown) Borealis which consists of 7 stars. This serpent is right at the feet of the constellation Virgo and Hercules. The Archangel Michael would be the constellation Hercules waiting to make war with the serpent (Revelation 12:7).  

Constellations outlined: Serpens in black with red stars, Corona in purple with orange stars,
Virgo in purple with blue stars, and Hercules in red with black stars.

The woman of Revelation 12 should be identified with the constellation Virgo. The woman is Mary who gives birth to Jesus. The 12 stars represents the 12 tribes of Israel. The 13 stars of the constellation Virgo may represent the 12 tribes plus Christ (the bright star Spica?). Another possibility is that the constellation Bootes represents the baby Jesus, and Mary’s crown is the Big Dipper plus Canes Venatici.

Points of current study:

Is the “last trump” directly associated with Rosh Hashanah?

This view posits that the harpazo is on Rosh Hashanah, and therefore, the gathering of the bride of Christ to Christ in the clouds occurs of the “Feast of Trumpets,” Rosh Hashanah.

“The Last Trump vs. The Great Trump” by Eddie Chumney

The three great trumpets (shofarim) that mark major events in the redemptive plan of God are associated with days in the Biblical calendar.  The first trump was associated with and was seen as being blown by God on the feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) when God gave the Torah at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18-19).

In his book, “Festivals of the Jewish Year” in the chapter on Rosh Hashanah, the Orthodox Jewish author (not a believer in Yeshua/Jesus as Messiah) will tell you that an idiom for Rosh Hashanah is the last trump. Therefore because the Last Trump is a Jewish idiom for Rosh Hashanah, the Apostle Paul, when referring to the resurrection of the dead happening at the “last trump,” was using a Jewish idiom for the feast of Rosh Hashanah and indicating that the resurrection of the dead and the catching away of believers will take place on Rosh Hashanah.

The third significant shofar in the redemptive plan of God is called the Great Trump. The Great Trump is associated with and is blown on Yom Kippur.  Therefore, when Scripture explains that the Great Trump will sound and the elect will be gathered at this time, it is indicating that this very different event from the resurrection/harpazo will take place on Yom Kippur.

List of Dates

Yom Teruah will occur on the following days of the secular calendar:

  • Jewish Year 5784: sunset September 15, 2023 - nightfall September 17, 2023
  • Jewish Year 5785: sunset October 2, 2024 - nightfall October 4, 2024
  • Jewish Year 5786: sunset September 22, 2025 - nightfall September 24, 2025
  • Jewish Year 5787: sunset September 11, 2026 - nightfall September 13, 2026
  • Jewish Year 5788: sunset October 1, 2027 - nightfall October 3, 2027
  • Jewish Year 5789: sunset September 20, 2028 - nightfall September 22, 2028
  • Jewish Year 5790: sunset September 9, 2029 - nightfall September 11, 2029
  • Jewish Year 5791: sunset September 27, 2030 - nightfall September 29, 2030