A Roman Antichrist?
Since beginning to study Bible prophecy, this was my primary belief,
but Chris White's work
researching prophecy in light of a Jewish messianic figure deceiving
the Jews into accepting him as their long-awaited messiah has me
rethinking the paradigm I've been looking at prophecy in. It is a very
compelling scriptural view and truly would be a great deception.
It would seem the antichrist is rising from the last kingdom from Nebuchadnezzar’s
dream interpreted by Daniel in Daniel
2. There were several sections to the statue. The only two sections
which contained the same metal were the two legs which we know as the Roman
Empire, Eastern and Western legs. The feet and 10 toes also contain iron,
but this time it is partly strong and partly weak for the mixing of “their”
seed with the seed of men. Daniel 2:41-44 Whatever that ends up meaning,
it’s still the same metal.
In keeping with the symbology of the Eastern and Western legs of the
Roman Empire, it would appear that the iron and clay feet and toes would
also be a combination of the East and West, but I’m not sure this
necessarily must be the case.
If so, this would seem to fit with what the
Daniel’s 70 weeks Bible study explains. Here is the relevant excerpt:
And after threescore
and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and
the people of the prince
that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;
and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the
war desolations are determined.
+ 62 weeks = 69 weeks
So what this is saying is after the 69 weeks (483
is accomplished, the Messiah would be killed, not for Himself. Christ
died on the cross for your sins! The triumphal entry was the end of
the 69th week. Christ was crucified on Passover, April 10, 32 AD, four
days after the triumphal entry. However, all of
verse 24 was not fulfilled 7 years after the triumphal entry. That
tells us several things when we put it together.
- The 69 and 70th weeks of prophecy are
not consecutive (there’s an unknown gap of time implied through
- Christ’s crucifixion was outside the scope of Daniel’s
70 weeks prophecy, having occurred several days after the end of
the 69th week and nowhere near the middle
of the seven years.
“The people of the prince” - We know who the people are
because they destroyed the temple and we know the Romans destroyed the
temple in 70 AD. There is some research pointing to the actual people
in the army being conscripted from the surrounding Arab peoples.
Who is the prince? According to scripture, he wasn’t there.
The Bible says “the people of the prince that
shall come...” This indicates
he is not yet there. The people of this prince attack the Jews, Jerusalem,
and their temple, but the prince is not yet there. Is this an allusion
to the revived Roman empire of the end times headed by the prince (antichrist)
yet to come? I believe it is. Verse 27 addresses “the
prince that shall come.”
the Roman Empire?
“Many Christian teachers have taught that the Antichrist will emerge from
the Roman Empire and then rule over most parts, if not all, of Europe.
Thus, his empire will be a revived version of the Roman Empire. For
an idea of what the Roman Empire looked like, see this
It stretched from Spain to Mesopotamia and Assyria (modern day Iraq).
Chapter 8, we read of another of Daniel’s vision that concerns
the End Times. In this chapter, Daniel saw a two-horned ram that was
attacked by a goat and killing the ram. Then the large horn of the goat
was broken, and in its place four horns took its place. The Angel Gabriel
identified that the ram was the Medo-Persian Empire (Daniel 8:20), and
the goat the Greek Empire (Daniel 8:21).
When Alexander the
Great died at the young age of 33 (“at
the height of his power”) (Daniel 8:8), his empire
was divided by his four generals (Daniel 8:8): Seleucus (Seleucid
Empire), Ptolemy (Egypt), Lysimachos (Thrace) and Cassander
(Macedon and Greece). See
this map for this partition.
The Seleucid Empire has its
capitol over Babylon and was the largest of the four. It is also the
one that the Bible described concerning the Antichrist:
one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power
to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.
(Daniel 8:9) “Beautiful Land” of course refers to the land
of Israel. Thus, we can see that this “little horn” comes
from the geographic region of the Seleucid Empire.
also seen that the description of the little horn also fit somewhat
Antiochus IV Epiphanes, a ruthless Seleucid king who desecrated the
Jewish Temple by sacrificing a pig on its altar and setting up a statue
of Zeus. However, the problem of simply treating the passage as dealing
with Antiochus is that the Angel Gabriel explicitly told Daniel that “the
vision concerns the time of the end”
(Daniel 8:17), and the visions concern “what
will happen later in the time of wrath because
the vision concerns the appointed time of the
end” (Daniel 8:19). It’s fulfillment,
therefore, is two-fold, one concerning Antiochus and the other the Antichrist “at
the appointed time of the end”. It is clear that Antiochus
IV Epiphanes was, at the most, a prototype of the Antichrist that is
This view believes that the antichrist comes from the revived Roman Empire, heading
the end-time alliance of nations, which has been viewed to be the
European Union today, the
Fourth Kingdom of Daniel 7. There is also a view that while the
antichrist will rise to power in the revived Roman Empire, that his lineage
comes from the Seleucid Empire.
Yellow area is the
Antichrist coming from ancient Greece?
And as I was considering,
behold, an he goat came from the west on the
face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had
a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had two horns, which
I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of
his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved
with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns:
and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him
down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could
deliver the ram out of his hand. Therefore the he goat waxed very
great: and when he was strong, the great horn
was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds
of heaven. And out of one
of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward
the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. And
it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of
the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them. Yea,
he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and
by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and
the place of the sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given
him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression,
and it cast
down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
So he came
near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my
face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man:
for at the time of the end shall be
the vision. Now as he was speaking with me, I was in
a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set
me upright. And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be
in the last end of the indignation: for
at the time appointed the end shall be. The
ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. And
the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that
is between his eyes is the first king. Now that being
broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out
of the nation, but not in his power. And
in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come
to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences,
shall stand up. And his power shall be mighty,
but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall
prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people. And
through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand;
and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy
many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall
be broken without hand.
Here we see that the goat is the Grecian empire. The notable horn between
his eyes is Alexander the Great, who conquered Medo-Persia. This is the
belly and thighs of brass kingdom from Daniel 2. When Alexander
the Great died, his four generals divided his kingdom, the four horns.
Where I believe the Bible says the antichrist comes from the Grecian
kingdom is the next verse that says a little horn came from one of these
four horns, the Seleucid Empire. However, the timing of the rising
of this little horn is stated later as the latter time of their kingdom, “for
at the time of the end shall be the vision.”